As the largest resource of information specific to women's brain health, we are sure you will find what you are looking for, and promise that you will discover new information.
Published on: February 18, 2015
by Shilo-Rea Carnegie Mellon for Futurity:
Studies have shown that mindfulness training can boost a range of mental and physical health problems, but how it works hasn’t been clear.
Now, researchers have developed a model suggesting that mindfulness influences health via stress reduction pathways. The work, published in Current Directions in Psychological Science, describes the biological pathways linking mindfulness training with reduced stress and stress-related disease outcomes.
“If mindfulness training is improving people’s health, how does it get under the skin to affect all kinds of outcomes?” asks J. David Creswell, associate professor of psychology Carnegie Mellon University. “We offer one of the first evidence-based biological accounts of mindfulness training, stress reduction, and health.”
Creswell and graduate student Emily K. Lindsay highlight a body of work that depicts the biological mechanisms of mindfulness training’s stress reduction effects.
When an individual experiences stress, activity in the prefrontal cortex—responsible for conscious thinking and planning—decreases, while activity in the amygdala, hypothalamus, and anterior cingulate cortex—regions that quickly activate the body’s stress response—increases.
Studies have suggested that mindfulness reverses these patterns during stress; it increases prefrontal activity, which can regulate and turn down the biological stress response.
Excessive activation of the biological stress response increases the risk of diseases impacted by stress (like depression, HIV, and heart disease). By reducing individuals’ experiences of stress, mindfulness may help regulate the physical stress response and ultimately reduce the risk and severity of stress-related diseases.
Creswell believes by understanding how mindfulness training affects different diseases and disorders, researchers will be able to develop better interventions, know when certain treatments will work most effectively and identify people likely to benefit from mindfulness training.
For young adults with autosomal dominant Alzheimer’s disease (AD), molecular markers can identify changes associated with the disease before clinical onset, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in JAMA Neurology. Yakeel T. Quiroz, Ph.D., from Massachusetts...
Foods can determine whether someone will suffer from dementia in later years, according to researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment in Rehovot. A large-scale international study that...
Taking care of someone with Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia is not an easy task. Caregiving is a long-term endeavour that is mentally, emotionally, physically, and financially demanding, and is a role that...
The material presented through the Think Tank feature on this website is in no way intended to replace professional medical care or attention by a qualified practitioner. WBHI strongly advises all questioners and viewers using this feature with health problems to consult a qualified physician, especially before starting any treatment. The materials provided on this website cannot and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or choice of treatment. The materials are not exhaustive and cannot always respect all the most recent research in all areas of medicine.